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Medical protective clothing refers to protective clothing used by medical personnel (doctors, nurses, public health personnel, cleaning staff, etc.) and people entering specific medical and health areas (such as patients, hospital visitors, personnel entering infected areas, etc.). Its role is to isolate bacteria, harmful ultra-fine dust, acid and alkali solutions, electromagnetic radiation, etc., to ensure the safety of personnel and keep the environment clean.
Protective properties are the most important performance requirements of medical protective clothing, including liquid barriers, microbial barriers, and barriers to particulate matter.
Liquid barrier means that medical protective clothing should be able to prevent the penetration of liquids such as water, blood, alcohol, etc., and have a hydrophobicity of level 4 or higher to avoid contamination of clothing and human body. Prevent the blood, body fluids and other secretions of the patient from transmitting the virus to the medical staff during the operation.
Microbial barriers include barriers to bacteria and viruses. The barrier to bacteria is mainly to prevent contact transmission (and back propagation) of medical personnel to the patient’s surgical wound during the surgery. The virus barrier is mainly to prevent the medical staff from contacting the patient’s blood and body fluids, and the virus carried in it causes cross infection between doctors and patients.
Particulate matter barrier refers to preventing viruses transmitted through the air from being inhaled or attached to the skin surface and absorbed by the body in the form of aerosols.
Comfort includes breathability, water vapor permeability, drapability, quality, surface thickness, electrostatic properties, color, reflectivity, odor, and skin sensitization. The most important is breathability and moisture permeability. In order to enhance the protective effect, protective clothing fabrics are usually laminated or laminated, resulting in heavy, breathable and poor moisture permeability, which is not conducive to perspiration and heat. The antistatic requirement is to prevent the static electricity in the operating room from causing the surgical clothes to absorb a large amount of dust and bacteria which is not good for the patient’s wounds, and at the same time to prevent sparks generated by static electricity from detonating volatile gases in the operating room and affecting the accuracy of precision instruments.
3. Physical and mechanical properties
Physical and mechanical properties mainly refer to the ability of medical protective clothing materials to resist tearing, puncture and abrasion. Avoid tears and punctures to provide a channel for bacteria and viruses to spread, and abrasion resistance can prevent flocs from providing a place for bacteria and viruses to multiply.
4. Other properties
In addition to the properties listed above, medical protective clothing must also have disinfection resistance, good color fastness to washing, prevention of shrinkage, non-combustibility, non-toxicity and non-irritation, and harmless to the skin.
Special medical protective clothing
Chemical protective clothing
Chemical protective clothing is protective clothing worn to protect yourself from chemical dangers or corrosive substances when handling hazardous medical chemicals. In addition to chemical protective clothing, in addition to chemical resistance of clothing materials, tighter requirements on the tightness and the seam structure of clothing.
2. Electromagnetic radiation protective clothing
Electromagnetic radiation protective clothing is a protective clothing that implants extremely fine conductive fibers in the fabric material, so that the protective clothing does not generate static electricity and can shield electromagnetic waves in the range of 100kHz to 300GHz.  It is mainly used for operating people of electronic medical equipment systems in hospitals.
3. Nuclear and radiation protective clothing
It is used in nuclear radiation environment (small-dose, large-scale ionizing radiation, mainly α, β-rays), to prevent the invasion of human bodies by radio aerosols and dust. It has the functions of protecting radioactive aerosols, protecting more than 150 kinds of toxic and corrosive gases, liquids and solids, protecting potential radioactive particles and liquids from entering the body, and 100% blocking dry particles of more than 0.2 μm.